Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) Based STP

Get free quotation

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) Based STP

The SBR process is a biological nutrient removal process. An SBR system can be designed with multiple tanks to meet the needs of an industrial or municipal wastewater treatment facility. Generally, a single SBR tank operates as a fully mixed reactor or a plug flow. An electromechanical actuator mechanism drives the decanter, enabling it to discharge clarified effluent at a constant rate continuously. Some SBR systems also have a bio-selector used to separate solids and bacteria.

An SBR is a series of tanks that are connected. Each tank is either a fully mixed or a plug flow reactor. The process is a continuous cycle, and the wastewater flows in one end while it is treated in the other. A multiple tank SBR system has a single tank that operates in aeration or settles mode while the other tanks are in aeration mode.

Our Awesome Services

Features and Specifications of STP plant based on MBBR, MBR, SBR, SAFF etc., manufactured at Hydroflux Engineering Pvt Ltd.

Low Foot Print

Low footprint and recyclable quality effluent, although they are high energy-intensive systems.

High Speed Processing

Pass strict govt test performance with continuous nitrification & denitrification process.

Inexpensive Maintenance

STPs need frequent monitoring but it would have to be desludged and serviced at least once a year.

Expels Harmful

Treated correctly and then re-used/re-cycled for various uses that do not need potable quality.

Optimum Waste Utilization

STP is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage.

Energy Proficient

Enhancing the Energy Efficiency of Wastewater Treatment Plants through latest technology.

Happy Clients
Team workers

Our Services

Hydroflux Engineering Pvt Ltd is a New Delhi and Mumbai based Wastewater treatment company having more than ten years of experiance. We manufacture a wide range of Water and Wastewater treatment systems like ETP, STP, DM, RO, and Water Softener Plants.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Hydroflux Engineering Pvt Ltd is the best STP plant manufacturer in Delhi and Mumbai. To know frequently asked questions (FAQ) related STP plant and its activity, please read this section or contact us on the given number or email.

The basic process for an SBR system is a biological reaction. The live sludge sinks to the bottom of the tank while the clarifier removes the waste sludge. After the biological reaction, the clarifier draws clear effluent from the top of the reactor. The entire process is done in one unit called a reactor. An SBR reactor is a very efficient way to treat wastewater.

The SBR process was developed in the 1950s by Pasveer and co-workers. They incorporated continuously fed-batch treatment principles and developed a variable volume-activated sludge process. Further development and refinement took place in the United States and Australia. The technology was first widely applied in 1986 with EPA grant aid and EPA SBR Design Manuals published in 1992. SBR treatment technology has improved considerably throughout the years and now offers reliable microprocessor control systems and aeration equipment.

The SBR design involves a single tank for multiple aspects of wastewater treatment. Its main advantage is its high efficiency, it requires very little energy, and it is also cost-effective. The CASS(tm) SBR facility in Canada processes up to 500,000 m3/d and has a footprint of only 6,000 m2. By comparison, the conventional activated sludge system would require a much larger footprint with more levels.

How is SBR technology used in STPs? The SBR process is a patented technology that uses microbial action to reduce nitrate levels in wastewater. The process involves adding fresh wastewater to the reactor and then reacting it. The live sludge settles at the bottom of the tank while the solids settle at the top. As the wastewater is treated, the remaining fraction is removed as effluent, and the rest is reused.

The SBR process has several benefits. First, it can be highly automated, which reduces capital costs. It can also achieve high effluent quality in a short amount of time. Secondly, it can be easily implemented in STPs with limited space, and lastly, it can help reduce energy consumption. The SBR process has a number of other advantages as well.

The second benefit of SBR is its flexibility. It can accommodate a variety of conditions, making it ideal for new plants and upgrading old STPs. With its high efficiency, the SBR process is cost-efficient and environmentally friendly. The main disadvantage of SBR technology is its limited space and inflexibility. However, this does not mean that it cannot be used in existing plants, and it is also suitable for replacing old STPs.

One of the latest concepts in STPs is the sequencing batch reactor (SBR), which cycles between anaerobic and aerobic conditions. This is an ideal solution for a large-scale sewage treatment plant that handles flow rates of more than a million m3/d. The SBR process effectively removes P from a wastewater stream while retaining the quality of the water.

An SBR technology-based STP uses a single tank to treat wastewater. The biological reaction occurs in two stages in a carefully timed sequence, and aeration helps the reaction proceed, and the microorganisms help the process along. Once the biological reaction has taken place, clarification takes place in the same tank. An SBR plant can be designed to operate continuously for decades.

The first phase of an STP based on SBR involves the filling phase, in which the SBR filter feeds free rejects from a buffer tank or SBR system. The process runs in batches, and the Hw tank reaches its maximum filling level. After the filtration process, the residual wastewater is discharged to a discharge or treatment facility.

SBR has a higher turbidity level and is more costly than MBBR, and MBR is also more efficient. SBR has a larger sludge retention time and is slower, and it requires more operator time, but its low turbidity results in a more sustainable system for the environment. Both systems are highly effective at treating wastewater and are suitable for reuse or disposal.

SBR has a smaller membrane opening than MBBR. Both systems treat wastewater and reduce turbidity, and the SBR system does not achieve this high turbidity level. The MBR has a lower turbidity level, but it is still less effective than SBR for treating wastewater. The SBR system can only achieve a 3-log dismissal of bacteria and three-logs of dismissal with an open pore.

There are several advantages of MBBR over SBR, and it will be important to understand the differences between them. MBBR requires less space and is more efficient at treating wastewater than a conventional activated sludge. SBR has two basic stages. The first stage is aeration, which sludges the wastes in a tank. The second step is decanting, which involves pumping the sludge into a basin.

The main advantage of SBR is its high degree of process flexibility. The process includes five discrete time periods, Fill, React, Settle, and Draw. Its advanced design allows additional adjustments to the SBR process, such as the sludge age, dissolved oxygen profile during aeration, and operating mixed liquor solids concentration. The SBR process can also be adapted to any wastewater treatment facility's specific needs.

The main benefit of SBR technology is that it requires minimal space. The entire treatment process takes place in a single tank. The process uses a batch system, which means that the number of batches is relatively small. SBRs do not require much space. The entire process is automatic, which minimizes the need for mechanical and manual resources. This makes it easy to implement in small or mid-sized treatment plants.

The SBR process is highly flexible. The SBR cycle format can be altered to match the changing process conditions, influent characteristics, or effluent objectives. The Hydroflux SBR process is fully automated, resulting in the lowest operating costs. SBR is also flexible and can be installed in a short amount of time. Hence, it is one of the most cost-effective systems on the market. The SBR method has a long list of advantages.

A typical SBR system involves filling the tank with fresh wastewater and reacting it in the process. The reactor is then turned off to settle suspended solids, and the clear effluent is drawn. This system is ideal for the treatment of wastewater from industrial plants and municipal facilities. The SBR process has many advantages, but there are still a few drawbacks. Let's examine them now.

An SBR system is made up of several tanks. Each tank functions as a batch reactor. The raw wastewater enters one end and is cleared from the other. The settling stage, or the aeration stage, is the final stage of the treatment process. The settling period is used to remove colloidal solids from the effluent. The sludge is separated into two tanks if a multi-tank system is used. The sludge is removed from the system via a sludge pump in either case.

An SBR can be designed in several ways. For example, a multi-tank system may have two separate reactors. These systems can operate as either a plug-flow or a completely mixed reactor. A SBR system can also have multiple tanks. Some SBR tanks have a settle mode, and another is used for aeration. An SBR installation may also include a bio-selector a series of walls and baffles.

The SBR system is a high-efficiency water treatment system, which uses a carefully sequenced set of sub-processes. In SBR treatment, the wastewater is treated using microorganisms and aeration, which further facilitate the biological reaction. Finally, the effluent is clarified and sent back for treatment, usually in the same tank. The SBR system can be quite costly, and its installation and maintenance costs are also higher than that of a standard SBR plant.

The main difference between SBR and MBR wastewater treatment is the size of each unit. Both systems utilize different process basins and operate in dual tank modes, and MBR uses a single tank, while SBR uses a multi-stage system. SBR requires more sophisticated controls and timing units to treat wastewater, while SBR does not. However, MBR is much easier to operate and is suitable for small wastewater treatment projects.

Most laboratory reactions are conducted in batch reactors. Reagents are added to test tubes or flasks and heated until the reaction is complete. The products are then poured out and purified, if necessary. The advantages of SBR over MBR include smaller footprints, ease of operation, and lower operating costs. When comparing SBR and MBR, it is important to consider how the two technologies compare.

The use of batch reactors in an SBR based STP Plant is not new. Several full-scale fill-and-draw systems were in operation as early as 1914. Interest in SBRs resurged in the late 1950s and early 1960s due to improvements in aeration devices. As a result, the process of nitrification became more viable.

In an SBR process, wastewater is fed into the SBR tank in two stages: filling and treatment. The filling phase occurs when the penstock or actuated isolation valve is open. The fill duration timer begins, and the water level in the tank rises to the top setpoint. As the effluent passes through the SBR, it begins to break down ammonium nitrogen, and bacteria degrade the substrate. The final step is the settling phase, which involves the separation of solids from effluent.

SBRs can be configured in many ways. A sequential batch reactor is an example of an SBR-based STP plant. The tank is divided into two halves, one on the inlet side and the other on the outlet side. In this way, raw wastewater flows into one half of the tank, while the treated wastewater comes out the other. One tank is in the settled state in multiple-tank systems, while the other is in the aerating stage.

While the SBR process is a mature technology with many advantages, it does have its drawbacks. One major drawback is the lack of control over polymer properties, and another is the lack of productivity. Batch reactors require long cleaning and loading periods. The other disadvantage is that they are limited in terms of temperature control. In order to reduce these problems, sequencing batch reactors are preferred.

Another disadvantage of using a batch reactor is that it takes longer to finish the nitrification process. The nitrate ions are removed much quicker with a continuous process than with a single-stage SBR system. The disadvantages of this setup are minimal. The SBR system has the advantage of removing phosphorous and nitrogen simultaneously. However, it's also less energy-efficient than centralized oxidation and sulfuric acid plant.

The batch reactor method is limited by its slow process. It cannot reach the same concentrations of wastewater as a centralized system. The batch process can be prolonged by using parallel SBR units. It's also less efficient because there's no settling time. If the batch reactor does not meet its capacity requirement, the wastewater can be dumped into the settling tank until the supernatant reaches a quality suitable for discharge.

A PFR is a continuously stirred tank reactor with a single inlet and outlet. The plug element is a small, uniform-sized volume. The fluid in a PFR flows through the reactor as a continuous stream. The residence time for the plug element is determined by the location of the reagent in the unit. The radial flow of the reagent is the primary determinant of the reaction rate. The position of the plug element influences the axial flow of the reagents.

A plug-flow reactor is similar to a CSTR but has a different construction. The reaction mixture is pumped through a tube with a jacket to heat and cool it. The reaction occurs with a continuous flow of starting materials and products. Unlike a CSTR, the radial flow of the reactant is non-existent in a PFR. However, an idealized PFR model would assume no axial mixing. In a batch-processing reactor, reagents are introduced at locations other than the inlet. This approach would increase efficiency and reduce size.

A stationary PFR is the most widely used form of a chemical reactor. Its solution consists of ordinary differential equations and a fixed mass balance. The residence time of mass flowing through the reactor is fixed and cannot be changed. Therefore, the ideal PFR model predicts the behavior of a batch-processing system. This means that a stationary PFR is the best choice for most applications.

The costs of installing and maintaining a membrane bioreactor are often considered high. However, the cost of a membrane bioreactor does not necessarily mean that it is the best solution for your wastewater treatment needs. You should first conduct a complete needs analysis to understand the best option for your specific application. This is important because membranes have unique properties and vary widely in price. The final price of a membrane bioreactor will depend on how many components are installed and the process intensity that will be required.

The first benefit of a membrane bioreactor is its simplicity. Compared to a conventional wastewater treatment process, an MBR is easy to install and operate. Unlike other water treatment technologies, it does not require a large investment to set up, and it can be installed on a small scale with little installation costs. The second advantage is that it highly forgives of changes in water quality. By contrast, traditional methods require a large investment, and they can easily break the bank in a matter of years.

The third benefit of a membrane bioreactor is its cost. It is cheaper to operate an MBR than conventional water treatment methods. In contrast, conventional treatments require a large capital investment and heavy civil work. Usually, the amortization time is around 20-30 years in the municipal industry, while it is much shorter in the industrial sector. The cost of operating a membrane bioreactor is also lower than the total cost of operating a conventional treatment system. In addition to the cost factor, membrane bioreactors are very forgiving of changes in water quality.

The trickling filter is one of the oldest and most popular wastewater treatment processes. The media in the filter bed is rock, which is typically two to four inches in diameter. Although the size of the rock is not important, it should be uniform and uniformly sized to ensure proper ventilation through the void space. In addition, stone tends to occupy most of the filter bed volume, limiting the void spaces and decreasing the surface area per unit volume.

The trickling filter is circular, about ten to twenty feet in diameter, and three to five feet deep. The media in the trickling filter is filled with bacteria and microbial slime, which is then spread across the bed of media. High-rate trickling filters are a good choice for medium-to-high strength wastewater. The height of the device varies from five to seven feet, depending on its size and capacity.

The trickling filter is a wastewater treatment method that uses a fixed bed of media. The sewage flows downward over the bed of media, causing a layer of microbial slime to grow on it. The hydraulic loading rate of a trickling filter is expressed in MGD per acre, but it is still expressed in gallon flow over the surface area of the trickling filter. Typically, medium-to-high-rate trickling filters are used for wastewater that has high-pH levels.

A trickling filter is circular and is typically 10 to 20 meters in diameter. The bed of filtration media is typically between two and three meters deep and rests on a platform supported by horizontal perforated pipes. This allows the liquid to pass through while allowing air to enter. Once loaded properly, a trickling filter should remove eighty percent of the applied BOD, although the capacity of a trickling filter for nutrients is zero.

A trickling filter's media can be made from a variety of materials. Usually, the media is covered with slime from anaerobic and aerobic microorganisms. These organisms eat organic matter and ammonia. Since these bacteria cannot move, they remain attached to the filter media. However, operators of a trickling filter usually recycle the filtered effluent so that the microorganisms can eat what they miss.

A trickling filter's main function is to reduce the percentage of organic matter in the water. Using a biological film and slime layer, this filter is effective in adsorbing organic matter in wastewater. A trickling filter is also able to degrade ammonia. As a result, it is considered a high-performance system. If the filtration capacity of a trickling filter is not enough, it may need to be supplemented by a secondary sedimentation tank.


We Implemented ETP, STP, DM, RO, and Water Softener Plants to serve Various Industrial requirements.

ETP, STP, DM, RO, and Water Softener Plants

Hydroflux Engineering Pvt Ltd is a reputed organisation and associated with many other reputable organisations to maintain and deliver quality Wastewater treatment products and services like ETP, STP, DM Plant, Industrial RO Plant and Water Softener to our clients in India and Abroad.


For more than 10+ years, we have been serving ETP, STP, DM Plant, Industrial RO and Water Softener Plant projects for our happy clients' acrosses 17+ countries.